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09.11.2022 13:17

Most useful keyboard shortcuts. See how you can work faster and more efficiently on Windows, macOS, Linux, and browsers


Keyboard shortcuts enable you to quickly perform some actions and tasks on your PC or laptop through pressing a specific key or a combination of keys. Thanks to these shortcuts, you will be able to, for example, copy and paste content, switch between running applications, maximise a window, etc.

Familiarising yourself with the most useful keyboard shortcuts is bound to have a positive impact on your productivity, efficiency and overall performance. Thanks to these simple tricks, you can complete the majority of your tasks without taking your hand off the keyboard. Which of the most useful keyboard shortcuts do you know?

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Essential keyboard shortcuts on Windows 10 

Here are some of the most essential keyboard shortcuts to use on Windows 10 and Windows 11 devices:

  • Ctrl + C – copy
  • Ctrl + X – cut
  • Ctrl + V – paste
  • Alt + Tab – switch between open applications
  • Windows logo key + Up arrow or F11 – Maximise window
  • Windows logo key + X – Open the Quick Link menu
  • Windows logo key + Tab – Open Task View
  • Windows logo key + D – Display and hide the desktop
  • Windows logo key + L – Lock your PC

Depending on your hardware, you can use Windows logo key  + PrtScn to take a screenshot, or use Fn + Windows logo key  + Spacebar

In addition to different operating systems, Internet browsers also have their own keyboard shortcuts. Below we are showing you the list of key combinations to use in some of the most popular online web browsers: Google Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.

Google Chrome

Google allows you to use a variety of handy keyboard shortcuts while using the browser. You will find the full list of those, by device and operating system on the Google support official website.


Below we are listing just a few of the selected most useful Chrome keyboard shortcuts to use on a Windows PC.

  • Ctrl + N – Open a new window
  • Ctrl + T – Open a new tab, and jump to it
  • Ctrl + Shift + N – Open a new window in Incognito mode
  • Alt + Home – Open your home page in the current tab
  • Ctrl + W or Ctrl + F4 – Close the current tab
  • Ctrl + Shift + W or Alt + F4 – Close the current window
  • Ctrl + Shift + B – Show or hide the Bookmarks bar
  • Ctrl + H – Open the History page in a new tab
  • Ctrl + J – Open the Downloads page in a new tab
  • Ctrl + F or F3 – Open the Find Bar to search the current page
  • Ctrl + Shift + M – Log in a different user or browse as a Guest
  • Ctrl + L or Alt + D or F6 – Jump to the address bar
  • Ctrl + P – Open options to print the current page
what are the most useful keyboard shortcuts
Using shortcuts saves a lot of time and speeds up computer operation

Mozilla Firefox

As in the case of Google Chrome, you can also use a plenty of different keyboard shortcuts while using the Firefox browser. The full list is available on the browser’s official support website. Here we are listing the most essential ones: 

  • Ctrl + R – Reload
  • Ctrl + Backspace – Delete Word to the Left
  • Ctrl + Del – Delete Word to the Right
  • Ctrl + W or Ctrl + F4 – Close Tab
  • Ctrl + Shift + W or Alt + F4 – Close Window
  • Ctrl + Shift + T – Undo Close Tab
  • Ctrl + Shift + N – Undo Close Window
  • Ctrl + Shift + D – Bookmark This Page
  • Ctrl + Shift + D – Bookmark All Tabs


As with the other browsers, the official Apple website includes the list of all the keyboard shortcuts available in the Safari browser. Here you have some of the most used combinations: 

  • Option + Arrow Keys – Scroll up, down, left, or right
  • Command + P – Paste the most recently copied item
  • Command + C – Copy the selected item
  • Command + V – Paste the most recently copied item
  • Control + Tab or Shift + Command + ] – Go to the next tab
  • Command + W – Close the active tab
  • Shift + Command + H – Go to your homepage
  • Command + Plus – Zoom in website content
  • Command + Minus – Zoom out website content

Most useful keyboard shortcuts in Word

Keyboard shortcuts will prove extremely useful particularly in tools dedicated to text writing and editing, such as Microsoft Word. These smart tricks will make creating and editing all types of documents a whole lot easier, faster, and more efficiently. The complete list of most useful keyboard shortcuts is available on the official Microsoft website; here, we are showing you a selected few of the most commonly used combinations.

  • Ctrl + N – create a new document
  • Ctrl + S – save the document
  • Ctrl + W – close the document
  • Ctrl + A – select all document content
  • Ctrl + B – apply bold formatting to text
  • Ctrl + I – apply italic formatting to text
  • Ctrl + U – apply underline formatting to text
  • Ctrl + left bracket ( [ ) – decrease the font size by 1 point
  • Ctrl + right bracket ( ] ) – increase the font size by 1 point
  • Ctrl + E – center the text
  • Ctrl + R – align the text to the right
  • Ctrl + L – align the text to the left

Related: The Best Writing Software – Free Online and Downloadable Text Editors

MacOS keyboard shortcuts

The keyboard shortcuts on macOS computers and laptops will differ slightly compared to those operating on Windows, due to the different keyboard. Below we are listing several key combinations most likely to prove useful, and, as with all the other examples, you can access the full list of all the keyboard combinations for Mac on the official Apple Website.

  • Command + Z – Undo the previous command. You can then press Shift-Command-Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
  • Control + Shift + Power button* or Control + Shift + Media Eject – Put your displays to sleep
  • Control + Command + Q – immediately lock your screen
  • Shift + Command + N – create a new folder in the Finder
  • Shift + Command + O – open the Documents folder
  • Shift + Command + I – open iCloud Drive
  • Shift + Command + R – open the AirDrop window
  • Shift + Command + Delete – empty the Trash

Most useful keyboard shortcuts on Linux

Different keyboard shortcuts are also a function provided by the Linux operating system. Many of them are similar or exactly the same as those available on Windows. Below some of the key combinations you will most likely make use of: 

  • Ctrl + N – create a new file;
  • Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Page Up – instantly reboot without confirmation;
  • Ctrl + Alt + Arrow keys – move between virtual desktops;
  • Ctrl + Alt + D – minimize all windows to show desktop;
  • Alt + F4 – close the window in focus;
  • Alt + Space – bring up the Command Interface.

Now that you know all of the most useful, simple keyboard shortcuts, you can go ahead and start using them, and render working on your computer or laptop much faster. Let us know in the comments which of the shortcuts you use most often and share your favourite ones!



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